Tuesday, 18 January 2011

Henry Howard, Earl of Norwich, 6th Duke of Norfolk

Howard, Henry
Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (July 12 1628 - January 13 1684) was the second son of Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel and Lady Elizabeth Stuart. He succeeded his brother Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk after his death in 1677. He had previously been created Baron Howard of Castle Rising in 1669 and Earl of Norwich in  1672, on the latter occasion obtaining the restoration of the office of Earl Marshal of England to him and to his family.

In about 1652, Howard married Lady Anne Somerset, daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester and Elizabeth Dormer. In January 1678, he took his seat in the  House of Lords but in August the first development of the Popish Plot was followed by an Act for disabling Catholics from sitting in either house of Parliament. He would not comply with the oath and withdrew to Bruges for three years. There he built a house attached to a Franciscan convent and enjoyed freedom of worship. He later gave away the greater part of his library, grounds and rooms to the Royal Society and the Arundelian marbles to Oxford University.

Howard, Henry, 6th Duke of Norfolk
The peerages created for him died out with his grandson the 9th Duke in 1777, though the current Baron Mowbray descends from the 9th Duke. The 10th and later Dukes of Norfolk, who have inherited the associated peerages and office of Earl Marshal, descend from his brother Charles Howard of Greystoke.

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